Does God Exist Refutation

The Earth…its size is perfect.

The earth's size is not perfect. It is not even a perfect sphere!

The Earth is located the right distance from the sun. Consider the temperature swings we encounter, roughly -30 degrees to +120 degrees. If the Earth were any further away from the sun, we would all freeze. Any closer and we would burn up. Even a fractional variance in the Earth's position to the sun would make life on Earth impossible. The Earth remains this perfect distance from the sun while it rotates around the sun at a speed of nearly 67,000 mph. It is also rotating on its axis, allowing the entire surface of the Earth to be properly warmed and cooled every day.

The Earth's distance from the sun actually varies greatly over time. The elliptical orbit of the earth varies from 91.5 million miles on January 3 called "perihelion", to 94.5 million miles on July 4 called "aphelion" for an average earth-sun distance of 93 million miles. Source:

Some quotes from David Mill's excellent book "Atheist Universe" are relevant here:

Creationist belief: Earth and the other planets travel in a perfectly circular orbits around the sun.

Scientific fact: No planet travels in a perfectly circular orbit. Each planet's orbit has a different shape from all the other planets', and no planet even maintains a constant distance from the sun. Moreover, the sun is not at the center of any planet's orbit.

Creationist belief: Earth and the other planets travel around the sun at a constant speed.

Scientific fact: No planet travels around the sun at a constant speed. All planets vary their orbital speeds, sometimes dramatically, during their revolutions around the sun.

Creationist belief: Earth and the other planets retrace their identical orbit around the sun each year.

Scientific fact: No planet repeats the same orbit twice.

Creationist belief: Earth must be precisely situated in its current orbit to support life.

Scientific fact: Earth could support life (as we know it terrestrially) from an orbital position halfway to Venus all the way to the orbit of Mars. It is not miraculous that life flourishes where the environment supports it. The Earth is not situated in its current orbit because life exists, rather, life exists because Earth's orbit lies within a vast region known as the Zone of Habitability. Mars also lies within this region and, very likely, once supported life too, as NASA scientists have studied.

Source: Mills, David. Atheist Universe, pp. 97-98.

And our moon is the perfect size and distance from the Earth for its gravitational pull. The moon creates important ocean tides and movement so ocean waters do not stagnate, and yet our massive oceans are restrained from spilling over across the continents.

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